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The Covid-19 pandemic and environmental stressors in Europe: synergies and interplays

Bartonova, Alena (eds.) Colette, Augustin; Zhang, Holly; Fons, Jaume; Liu, Hai-Ying; Brzezina, Jachym; Chantreux, Adrien; Couvidat, Florian; Guerreiro, Cristina de Brito Beirao; Guevara, Marc; Kuenen, Jeroen J.P.; Solberg, Sverre; Super, Ingrid; Szanto, Courtney; Tarrasón, Leonor; Thornton, Annie; Ortiz, Alberto González

Publication details

Series: Eionet Report - ETC/ATNI 2021/16

Publisher: NILU

Year: 2022

ISBN: 978-82-93752-41-7

Fulltekst: zenodo.org/doi/10.5281/zenodo.6802539

This report provides an overview of the potential impacts of Covid-19 restrictions, in particular, focusing on review and assessment of Covid-19 impacts on air quality, for the year 2020. Complementary analyses address compliance with the National Emission reductions Commitments (NEC) Directive and noise. This expands the initial analysis of impacts of the pandemic-related restrictions on air quality based on data for the first months of 2020, presented in the EEA Air quality report for 2020. The results show a clear decline in NO2 short-term levels and annual average throughout Europe. Results for other pollutants are less uniform, and mostly do not show significant changes in annual average or other relevant metrics . The results regarding air quality are robust, obtained by a wealth of methods and consistent also with literature findings. The noise analysis shows a general decline in noise levels related to road traffic, though some areas show an increase. An analysis of policies and measures reported by Member States in 2021 for base year 2019 shows that additional measures related to emissions of NH3 are expected to be negatively impacted to the greatest extent by the Covid-19 related restrictions.