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Scientific journal publication

The consolidated European synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions for the European Union and United Kingdom: 1990–2019

Petrescu, Ana Maria Roxana; Qiu, Chunjing; McGrath, Matthew J; Peylin, Philippe; Peters, Glen Philip; Ciais, Philippe; Thompson, Rona Louise; Tsuruta, Aki; Brunner, Dominik; Kuhnert, Matthias; Matthews, Bradley; Palmer, Paul I.; Tarasova, Oksana; Regnier, Pierre; Lauerwald, Ronny; Bastviken, David; Hoglund-Isaksson, Lena; Winiwarter, Wilfried; Etiope, Giuseppe; Aalto, Tuula; Balsamo, Gianpaolo; Bastrikov, Vladislav; Berchet, Antoine; Brockmann, Patrick; Ciotoli, Giancarlo; Conchedda, Giulia; Monica, Crippa; Dentener, Frank; Zwaaftink, Christine Groot; Guizzardi, Diego; Günther, Dirk; Haussaire, Jean-Matthieu; Houweling, Sander; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Kouyate, Massaer; Leip, Adrian; Leppänen, Antti; Lugato, Emanuele; Maisonnier, Manon; Manning, Alistair J.; Markkanen, Tiina; McNorton, Joe; Muntean, Marilena; Oreggioni, Gabriel David; Patra, Prabir K.; Perugini, Lucia; Pison, Isabelle; Raivonen, Maarit T.; Saunois, Marielle; Segers, Arjo J.S.; Smith, Pete; Solazzo, Efisio; Tian, Hanqin; Tubiello, Francesco N. ; Vesala, Timo; Van Der Werf, Guido R. ; Wilson, Chris; Zaehle, Sönke

Publication details

Journal: Earth System Science Data, vol. 15, 1197–1268, 2023

Doi: doi.org/10.5194/essd-15-1197-2023

Knowledge of the spatial distribution of the fluxes of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and their temporal variability as well as flux attribution to natural and anthropogenic processes is essential to monitoring the progress in mitigating anthropogenic emissions under the Paris Agreement and to inform its global stocktake. This study provides a consolidated synthesis of CH4 and N2O emissions using bottom-up (BU) and top-down (TD) approaches for the European Union and UK (EU27 + UK) and updates earlier syntheses (Petrescu et al., 2020, 2021). The work integrates updated emission inventory data, process-based model results, data-driven sector model results and inverse modeling estimates, and it extends the previous period of 1990–2017 to 2019. BU and TD products are compared with European national greenhouse gas inventories (NGHGIs) reported by parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2021. Uncertainties in NGHGIs, as reported to the UNFCCC by the EU and its member states, are also included in the synthesis. Variations in estimates produced with other methods, such as atmospheric inversion models (TD) or spatially disaggregated inventory datasets (BU), arise from diverse sources including within-model uncertainty related to parameterization as well as structural differences between models. By comparing NGHGIs with other approaches, the activities included are a key source of bias between estimates, e.g., anthropogenic and natural fluxes, which in atmospheric inversions are sensitive to the prior geospatial distribution of emissions. ...