Jump to content
Scientific journal publication

Opinion: New directions in atmospheric research offered by research infrastructures combined with open and data-intensive science

Petzold, Andreas; Bundke, Ulrich; Hienola, Anca; Laj, Paolo; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Vermeulen, Alex; Adamaki, Angeliki; Kutsch, Werner; Thouret, Valerie; Boulanger, Damien; Fiebig, Markus; Stocker, Markus; Zhao, Zhiming; Asmi, Ari

Publication details

Journal: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), vol. 24, 5369–5388, 2024

Doi: doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-5369-2024

The acquisition and dissemination of essential information for understanding global biogeochemical interactions between the atmosphere and ecosystems and how climate–ecosystem feedback loops may change atmospheric composition in the future comprise a fundamental prerequisite for societal resilience in the face of climate change. In particular, the detection of trends and seasonality in the abundance of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate-active atmospheric constituents is an important aspect of climate science. Therefore, easy and fast access to reliable, long-term, and high-quality observational environmental data is recognised as fundamental to research and the development of environmental forecasting and assessment services. In our opinion article, we discuss the potential role that environmental research infrastructures in Europe (ENVRI RIs) can play in the context of an integrated global observation system. In particular, we focus on the role of the atmosphere-centred research infrastructures ACTRIS (Aerosol, Clouds and Trace Gases Research Infrastructure), IAGOS (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System), and ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System), also referred to as ATMO-RIs, with their capabilities for standardised collection and provision of long-term and high-quality observational data, complemented by rich metadata. The ATMO-RIs provide data through open access and offer data interoperability across different research fields including all fields of environmental sciences and beyond. As a result of these capabilities in data collection and provision, we elaborate on the novel research opportunities in atmospheric sciences which arise from the combination of open-access and interoperable observational data, tools, and technologies offered by data-intensive science and the emerging collaboration platform ENVRI-Hub, hosted by the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).