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Found 335 publications. Showing page 1 of 14:

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Towards a circular phosphorus economy in Norway - Strategies for integrating agriculture and aquaculture at multiple scales

Müller, Daniel Beat; Las Heras Hernandez, Miguel; Pandit, Avijit Vinayak; Øgaard, Anne Falk; Reitan, Kjell Inge

Phosphorus is a building block for all life and therefore plays an essential role in food production. Currently, large amounts of phosphorus enter the Norwegian food system from abroad in the form of mineral fertilizer, feedstuff, food, as well as micro-ingredients for animal feed, mainly in salmon farming. However, only a small fraction of this phosphorus ends up as food for humans, while the largest part accumulates in soil and water systems. This inefficiency entails two challenges:

1. Phosphorus supply is critical. Phosphate rock, the primary source of phosphorus for fertilizer and micro-ingredient production, is a limited resource that is highly concentrated in a few countries. Over 80% of global phosphate rock reserves are found in only 5 countries, and ~70% are located in Morocco and Morocco-occupied Western Sahara. The high concentration renders many countries vulnerable to geopolitical and economic instabilities and threatens food safety. The EU has therefore included phosphate rock on its list of Critical Raw Materials.
2. The accumulation of phosphorus in water systems can lead to eutrophication and dead zones, threatening fish stocks and other aquatic life. The high phosphorus concentration in soils due to overfertilization over long periods of time increases the danger of losses to water systems by runoff, further exacerbating the eutrophication risk.

A more circular use of phosphorus could simultaneously reduce supply and pollution risks. This is particularly relevant in Norway, where the government has an ambition to increase salmon and trout production from currently 1,5 to 5 million tons by 2050.

Achieving a circular phosphorus economy is a complex task: (i) The land- and the sea-based food systems are increasingly interlinked, for example through agricultural production of fish feed or the application of fish sludge on agricultural land. (ii) The Norwegian phosphorus cycle is increasingly interlinked with that of other countries as trade flows along the entire food supply chain are growing. (iii) Phosphorus fertilizers, both primary and recycled, are often contaminated with heavy metals such as cadmium, uranium, and zinc, which tend to accumulate in soils. Cleaning the phosphorus cycle is therefore vital for soil fertility and human health.

This report is based on the MIND-P project, which studied the Norwegian phosphorus cycle for both agriculture and aquaculture at a farm-by-farm basis and explored options for increasing circularity. The project identified farm-level and structural barriers to managing phosphorus resources more effectively.

We propose four fundamental strategies to overcome these barriers:
1. Develop and maintain a national nutrient accounting.
2. Minimize phosphorus losses and accumulations at farm level.
3. Establish infrastructures for capturing, processing, trade, and use of manure and fish sludge to produce high-quality recycled fertilizers that are tailored to the needs of the users in Norway and abroad.
4. Adopt a regulatory framework to promote a market for recycled fertilizer.
The strategies proposed here were developed with the support of an Advisory Panel consisting of representatives from government, industry, industry associations, and NGOs in an online and two physical workshops conducted in 2022.

NTNU Open

2023

Nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulær økonomi. Forslag til organisering.

Möller, Charlotta; Tarrasón, Leonor; Guerreiro, Cristina

Denne rapporten inneholder forslag til organisering av et mulig nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulærøkonomien. Vårt forslag til organisering av et nasjonalt samfunnsoppdrag om sirkulær økonomi skiller seg noe fra eksisterende organisering av de to andre nasjonale samfunnsoppdragene i Norge i at den baserer seg på å etablere en omstillingslab. Omstillingslaben vil ha en rolle som likner på den «operativ gruppe» i de andre to nasjonale samfunnsoppdragene, men som er større i omfang, og har konkrete mål for oppfølgings- og medvirkningsprosesser mot målbar transformasjon.

NILU

2024

Air quality in Sandefjord, Norway. November 2021 – August 2023.

Salamalikis, Vasileios; Castell, Nuria

This report examines the air quality patterns in terms of particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in Sandefjord, Norway. PM2.5 was monitored through five low-cost sensors in hourly resolution from November 2021 to August 2023. The sensors’ reliability is high, with consistent PM2.5 measurements and similar variation over time. Occasional extreme PM2.5 was attributed to local contributions with higher values observed during cold months, or specific long-range transport events. Overall, Sandefjord maintained good air quality for most of the measurement period with daily PM2.5 levels below the air quality criteria. Residential heating activities (wood burning) is the most significant local source, being more pronounced during winter.

NILU

2024

Homologue group profiles of ΣPCAs C14-17 in environmental samples from Norwegian monitoring programmes

Nipen, Maja; Borgen, Anders

Recently, chlorinated paraffins with carbon chain lengths in the range C14–17 and chlorination levels at or exceeding 45 per cent chlorine by weight have been proposed for listing under the Stockholm Convention. To aid the process of determining the identification of sum polychlorinated alkanes ΣPCAs C14-17 under the regulation (i.e. number of chlorines), there is a need for data from environmental samples that specifies the homologue group profiles, not just ΣPCAs.

In this report we present data on PCAs with a focus on ΣPCAs C14-17 from the Norwegian Environment Agency’s monitoring programmes in more detail than available in the programmes reports, focusing on homologue group patterns and chlorination degree. The programmes are i) Environmental pollutants in the terrestrial and urban environment ii) Atmospheric contaminants iii) Environmental contaminants in an urban fjord. Data presented are from the 2022 (Halvorsen et al., 2023; Heimstad et al., 2023; Ruus, 2023) and 2023 (reports in prep) programmes.

NILU

2024

Måling av gasser i Statsarkivets lokaler i Trondheim

Grøntoft, Terje; Håland, Alexander

Målinger av flyktige organiske forbindelser (VOC), maursyre (HCOOH), eddiksyre (CH3COOH) og ammoniakk (NH3) ble gjort i to innendørs lokaliteter ved Statsarkivet i Trondheim. De målte konsentrasjonene var lave og skulle ikke være noen risiko for helse eller skade på materialer. 2,6 ganger forhøyet konsentrasjon (403 µgm-3) av flyktige organiske forbindelser (TVOC) ble funnet i den ene av lokaliteten sammenlignet med den andre. Prøven hadde høyere konsentrasjoner spesielt av forbindelser som oftest har kilde i utslipp og forbrenning av petroleumsderivater som: toluen, o-xylen, benzen- og butan-forbindelser.

NILU

2024

The FAIRness of ACTRIS Data Centre

Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Fiebig, Markus; Rud, Richard Olav; Mona, Lucia; Dema, Claudio; Pascal, Nicolas; Henry, Patrice; Picquet-Varrault, Bénédicte; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Boonne, Cathy; O'Connor, Ewan; Tukiainen, Simo

The purpose of this report is to document the status and implementation of FAIRness within ACTRIS Data centre as of March 2023, developed over the period January 2019 – March 2023.

The report is an extended version of ENVRI-FAIR deliverable D8.4 due March 2023 and available through Zenodo: ENVRI-FAIR D8.4: The FAIRness of ACTRIS | Zenodo, only including the work until autumn 2022. This present report adds more information to the implementation of the FAIR principles by ACTRIS Data Centre over the period January 2019 – March 2023. In addition to D8.4, the present report provides a comprehensive external FAIRness assessment covering the entire period 2019 - 2023, along with an evaluation of the implementation in the years 2022 and the first half of 2023. It's important to note that the project deliverable only encompasses the period from 2019 to 2021.

NILU

2024

Måling av luftkvalitet i Kabul. Målinger for Det norske forsvaret. Høst 2020 og vinter 2021.

Tørnkvist, Kjersti Karlsen; Skaar, Jøran Solnes; Andresen, Erik; Uggerud, Hilde Thelle; Vadset, Marit; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Halse, Anne Karine

NILU

2024

Måling av luftkvalitet i Forsvarets forlegning i Bamako. Målinger for Det norske forsvaret 2022.

Johnsrud, Mona; Tørnkvist, Kjersti Karlsen; Uggerud, Hilde Thelle; Vadset, Marit; Andresen, Erik; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Halse, Anne Karine

NILU

2024

Vurdering av miljøgifter i kanaliserte utslipp til luft ved Metallco NMF

Weydahl, Torleif; Halvorsen, Helene Lunder; Heimstad, Eldbjørg Sofie

NILU

2023

Alcoa Mosjøen. Measurements of CF4 and C2F6 emissions from Alcoa Aluminium’s smelter at Mosjøen, Norway.

Schmidbauer, Norbert; Hermansen, Ove; Lunder, Chris Rene

NILU performed a test campaign for measurements of CF4 and C2F6 for stack emissions at Alcoa Mosjøen Smelter. Time-integrated samples were taken with evacuated canisters combined with low-flow restrictors for continuous sampling periods as long as 4 weeks. The samples were analyzed at NILU with a Medusa preconcentration method combined with GC-MS SIM. As a main conclusion, time integrated sampling together with Medusa GC-MS methodology is a very precise alternative to the traditional attempts to quantify PFC-emission.

NILU

2024

Årsrapport 2023. Nasjonalt referanselaboratorium for luftkvalitetsmålinger.

Marsteen, Leif; Johnsrud, Mona; Hak, Claudia; Dauge, Franck Rene; Tørnkvist, Kjersti Karlsen

Denne rapporten oppsummerer oppgavene til Nasjonalt referanselaboratorium for luftkvalitetsmålinger (NRL), delkontrakt 1b, for året 2023. Dette er første årsrapport etter at ny kontrakt trådte i kraft 1. desember 2022.

NILU

2024

Health Risk Assessment of Air Pollution: assessing the environmental burden of disease in Europe in 2021

Soares, Joana; Plass, Dietrich; Kienzler, Sarah; Ortiz, Alberto González; Gsella, Artur; Horálek, Jan

This report presents the results of the environmental burden of disease (or health risk) assessment related to air pollution in 2021. The estimates include all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality and morbidity health outcomes, with ten risk-outcome pairs considered for the cause-specific estimates. Cause-specific mortality and morbidity estimates are combined to allow assessing the overall impact on population health based on a common indicator, the disability-adjusted life year. Using estimates disaggregated by mortality and morbidity components allows for the identification of the related shares across European countries.

ETC/HE

2023

Interim air quality maps of EEA member and cooperating countries for 2022. PM10, O3, and NO2 spatial estimates and evaluation of PM2.5 interim mapping.

Horálek, Jan; Vlasakova, Leona; Schreiberova, Marketa; Schneider, Philipp; Benesova, Nina

This report presents European interim air quality maps for 2022, which are based on the non-validated up-to-date (UTD) measurement data and the CAMS Ensemble Forecast modelling results, together with other supplementary data. It contains maps of PM10 annual average, ozone indicator SOMO35 and NO2 annual average. Next to this, the report evaluates the PM2.5 annual mean interim mapping.

ETC/HE

2023

Screening Programme 2022. New environmental pollutants.

Gundersen, Cathrine Brecke; Reid, Malcolm; Rostkowski, Pawel; Bæk, Kine; Rundberget, Thomas; Vogelsang, Christian; Rødland, Elisabeth; Beylich, Bjørnar; Eikenes, Heidi; Bäcklund, Are; Walker, Sam-Erik; Borgen, Anders Røsrud; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Håland, Alexander; Schmidbauer, Norbert

Norsk institutt for vannforskning

2023

Monitoring of greenhouse gases and aerosols at Svalbard and Birkenes in 2022. Annual report.

Platt, Stephen Matthew; Svendby, Tove Marit; Hermansen, Ove; Lunder, Chris Rene; Fiebig, Markus; Fjæraa, Ann Mari; Hansen, Georg H.; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Stebel, Kerstin

This annual report for 2022 summarizes the activities and results of the greenhouse gas monitoring at the Zeppelin Observatory, situated on Svalbard, during the period 2001-2022, and the greenhouse gas monitoring and aerosol observations from Birkenes for 2009-2022.

NILU

2023

Hierarchical Clustering and Dissimilarity Polygon Analyses. Optimizing the Polish Deposition Network.

Soares, Joana; Aas, Wenche; Eckhardt, Sabine; Guerreiro, Cristina

The potential re-design of the current deposition monitoring network in Poland was assessed by hierarchical clustering analysis. This statistical method determines the inherent or natural groupings of datasets, and/or to provide a summarization of data into groups using different metrics to assess the (di)similarity. The metrics are based on the correlation, to assess the temporal similarity, the Euclidean distance, to assess the magnitude similarity, and the combination of both. This method was used to assess the areas with similar deposition patters across the country based on measurement and model data for acidic compounds and heavy metals. The analysis clearly identified stations potentially redundant or measuring unique deposition patters and regions that represent the potential location of a single station.

NILU

2023

Identification of POP candidates among chemicals in plastic. Screening for LRTP using the Emissions Fractions Approach

Breivik, Knut; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Davie-Martin, Cleo Lisa

There is considerable interest in identifying chemicals which have the potential to undergo long-range environmental transport (LRTP), accumulate in remote regions, and represent a possible risk to environmental and human health. In this report, we have screened a list of 1,000 organic chemicals, as well as selected brominated dioxins and furans (PBDD/Fs), for their potential to be dispersed, transferred to, and accumulated in remote regions. This screening was carried out applying a new set of LRTP metrics, collectively referred to as the emissions fractions approach (EFA), as implemented in a modified version of the OECD POV and LRTP (long-range transport potential) Screening Tool (The Tool).

NILU

2023

Hydrovolt AS i Fredrikstad. Målinger av flyktige organiske forbindelser (VOC)

Håland, Alexander; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Berglen, Tore Flatlandsmo; Eikenes, Heidi; Andresen, Erik

NILU

2023

Måling av maursyre og eddiksyre i to oppbevaringsbokser ved Munchmuseet i Oslo

Grøntoft, Terje

Målinger av maursyre (HCOOH), eddiksyre (CH3COOH) og flyktige organiske forbindelser (VOC) ble gjort i to oppbevaringsbokser ved Munchmuseet i Oslo. Noe forhøyede konsentrasjoner av maursyre, eddiksyre og totale flyktige organiske forbindelser (TVOC) ble målt i boksene, men konsentrasjonene er like fullt lave sammenlignet med vurderte risikonivåer for kulturav-materialer.

NILU

2023

Skogens helsetilstand i Norge. Resultater fra skogskadeovervåkingen i 2022

Timmermann, Volkmar; Børja, Isabella; Clarke, Nicholas; Gohli, Jostein; Hietala, Ari Mikko; Jepsen, Jane Uhd; Krokene, Paal; Lislegård, Harald Haga; Nagy, Nina Elisabeth; Nyeggen, Hans; Solberg, Sverre; Solheim, Halvor; Solvin, Thomas Mørtvedt; Svensson, Arvid; Tollefsrud, Mari Mette; Vindstad, Ole Petter Laksforsmo; Økland, Bjørn; Aas, Wenche

Skogens helsetilstand påvirkes i stor grad av klima og værforhold, enten direkte ved tørke, frost og vind, eller indirekte ved at klimaet påvirker omfanget av soppsykdommer og insektangrep. Klimaendringene og den forventede økningen i klimarelaterte skogskader gir store utfordringer for forvaltningen av framtidas skogressurser. Det samme gjør invaderende skadegjørere, både allerede etablerte arter og nye som kan komme til Norge i nær framtid. I denne rapporten presenteres resultater fra skogskadeovervåkingen i Norge i 2022 og trender over tid for følgende temaer:
(i) Landsrepresentativ skogovervåking;
(ii) Intensiv skogovervåking;
(iii) Overvåking av bjørkemålere i Troms og Finnmark;
(iv) Barkbilleovervåkingen;
(v) Furuvednematode;
(vi) Askeskuddsyke;
(vii) Andre spesielle skogskader i 2022.

NIBIO

2023

Monitoring of environmental contaminants in air and precipitation. Annual report 2022.

Halvorsen, Helene Lunder; Pfaffhuber, Katrine Aspmo; Nipen, Maja; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla; Berglen, Tore Flatlandsmo; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Hartz, William Frederik

This report presents air monitoring data from 2022 for the Norwegian monitoring programme "Atmospheric contaminants". The results cover 260 organic compounds (regulated and non-regulated) and 16 compound groups, 14 heavy metals, and a selection of organic chemicals of concern.

NILU

2023

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